Brief biography of Hazrat Umar: হযরত উমর এর সংক্ষিপ্ত জীবনী।
Hazrat Umar ibn Al-Khattab, also known as Umar al-Farooq, was a prominent figure in early Islamic history and one of the closest companions of the Prophet Muhammad. He was born around 584 CE in Mecca, which is now part of Saudi Arabia. Umar is celebrated for his significant contributions to the spread of Islam and his role in the expansion of the Islamic Caliphate. Here is a brief biography of Hazrat Umar:
1. Pre-Islamic Life: Umar belonged to the prominent Banu Adi clan of the Quraysh tribe in Mecca. Before converting to Islam, he was known for his strong personality, intelligence, and fierce opposition to the early Muslims. He was a respected merchant and a man of strong character.
2. Conversion to Islam: Umar converted to Islam in the 6th year of the Islamic lunar calendar, which corresponds to around 616 CE. His conversion was a pivotal moment in the history of Islam and strengthened the early Muslim community. Legend has it that he embraced Islam after a confrontation with his sister and her husband, both of whom had already converted.
3. Close Companion of the Prophet: Umar’s dedication and loyalty to the Prophet Muhammad were unwavering. He played a vital role in various aspects of early Islamic life, including political, military, and social matters. The Prophet once referred to Umar as “Al-Farooq,” which means “the one who distinguishes between right and wrong.”
4. Second Caliph of Islam: After the death of the Prophet Muhammad in 632 CE, Umar was chosen as the second Caliph (Caliph Umar) to lead the Muslim community. His caliphate is often characterized by his administrative and judicial reforms, the compilation of the Quran into a single book, the expansion of the Islamic empire, and the establishment of a strong administrative structure.
5. Conquests and Expansion: During Umar’s reign, the Islamic Caliphate expanded rapidly, conquering vast territories, including parts of the Byzantine and Sassanian Empires. These conquests brought many diverse people under Islamic rule.
6. Administrative Reforms: Umar implemented various administrative and social reforms to ensure justice and equality within the Muslim community. He established the system of public treasury (Bayt al-Mal) to distribute wealth and resources fairly among the Muslims.
7. Assassination and Death: Hazrat Umar’s caliphate was marked by personal frugality and simplicity. He continued to lead a simple life despite the vast expansion of the empire. However, this simplicity made him vulnerable, and he was assassinated by a Persian slave named Abu Lu’lu’a Firuz in 644 CE. He died two days after the attack and was buried in Medina, Saudi Arabia.
Hazrat Umar’s life and contributions to Islam have left an indelible mark on the history of the religion. He is revered by Muslims for his wisdom, justice, and unwavering commitment to the principles of Islam.
“Read yourself and encourage others to read”